inside the insects and nematodes in salted water held in Turkey discussing strawberries, fruit and vegetables to be cleaned correctly in the days of the choir is very important … Beykoz University of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts Department Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Y. Birol Saygı, “ Fruits and vegetables can contain chemicals such as pesticides as well as microorganisms. You should spend all your time eating and washing fresh fruits and vegetables in running water. Washing is also an important practice in removing pesticide residues on the surface. ”

Social and traditional media have been discussing the images of maggots and insects emerging from strawberries soaked in salt water. Some experts claim that this is a manipulation played on the " strawberry market", while others say it is natural to be a wolf in organically grown fruits and vegetables. However, it is known that living products do not live in products that use pesticides. The discussions about strawberries brought up the issue of how to clean fruits and vegetables. Especially these days when the fight against coronavirus continues, it is even more important to wash fresh fruits and vegetables correctly. Professor at the Department of Gastronomy and Culinary Arts, Beykoz University. Dr. Y. Birol Saygı said, “It is very important to wash fruits and vegetables correctly, but considering the coronavirus pandemic, it is more important than ever. They are sold in packaging, but people also put fruits and vegetables in the packaging. Experts state that Covid-19 cannot live on surfaces for too long, but nobody is eager to eat an apple that has not been washed properly. ”


With or without pandemic, it is necessary to wash fruits and vegetables before eating them. However, it is necessary to know that; "Washing" does not mean "wetting". “You should wash the fresh fruits and vegetables you eat by spending enough time in running water. After all, you don't know what the lettuce in your grocery cart touched you until it came to you. ” Professor Saygı says that consuming unwashed products increases the risk of developing foodborne diseases. Respect makes the following assessment: “It is a fact that the product may be exposed to contamination from the soil, animals, air or people on its journey until it reaches you. In addition, fruits and vegetables may contain microorganisms as well as chemicals such as pesticides. Washing is an important practice in removing pesticide residues on the surface. ”


How are fruits and vegetables washed correctly? Respect said, “Believe it or not; "Washing your product correctly is no different than washing your hands." Saygı stated that it is necessary to wash the fruits and vegetables by rubbing them in running water for at least 4-5 minutes. “After washing the fruits and vegetables in running water for 4-5 minutes, let the product sink into the water. When cleaning leafy green vegetables such as lettuce, spinach or cabbage, it is necessary to immerse it in a water bath and then run through the running water to loosen the dirt on it. If you keep the washing time short, it is not to wash, but to wet it. Remember, we wash, not wet. Meanwhile, remove any bad or damaged parts of your product. Let the water go away by keeping it on a paper towel or in a strainer. To prevent foodborne diseases caused by bacteria, it is necessary not to keep fruits and vegetables moist, this creates an environment where more bacteria can grow. ”


It is very useful to use vinegar when washing fruits and vegetables… Dr. According to Respect, spraying non-rough fruits on their surfaces such as apples, pears, grapes, tomatoes with a 1/3 mixture of vinegar and water makes cleaning easier. It is necessary to rest 60 seconds after completely covering the surface by spraying fruits or vegetables. Saygı, who recommends cleaning smooth-skinned fruits and vegetables by gently rubbing them by hand instead of an abrasive washer or brush, says that breaking the skin of fruits and vegetables is harmful. Respect gives the following information about how to wash greens with vinegar: “Broccoli, cauliflower, leafy greens, melon potato strawberry cleaning a little more It is difficult. You should also soak them in a bowl with 1/3 of vinegar and water mixture. The leaves of cabbage, lettuce or other greens should be separated for good cleaning. After rubbing the vegetables in the vinegar water, rinse them under running water. ”


Vinegar can affect the taste of greens. If you don't like the taste of vinegar for your product, you can wash vegetables with lemon juice lemon instead of vinegar. You can wash and rinse by mixing two glasses of water with half a glass of lemon juice. Professor Dr. Birol Saygı said, “Vinegar helps to reduce the acidity of the washing water and reduce the microbiological load in fruits and vegetables. Mixing lemon juice with vinegar becomes more effective as it increases acidity. This can help kill bacteria, including E. coli. None of these are harmful. However, never use soap, detergent or any chemicals to wash fruits and vegetables. "Toxic chlorine bleaches are absolutely dangerous," he says. Respect explains what to consider in the washing process: “Always wash your hands thoroughly before and after washing to stay safe when cleaning fresh fruits and vegetables. Also, thoroughly wash all surfaces they touch, including knives and cutting boards. Never cut or peel fruits and vegetables before washing, as this may contaminate fruit and vegetable meat. In addition, because the surface textures of the products are broken down by cutting, the nutritional contents in the surface cells are lost with washing water.


It is important to remove the remnants of pesticides (pesticides) in the cleaning of fruits and vegetables. Dr. Birol Saygı explains: “We can interfere with pesticide residues on the surface and peels of fruits and vegetables in the kitchen, but we cannot interfere with those in their meat. For this reason, efforts should be made to consume winter and summer fruits and vegetables in the winter. Also, the best way to avoid harmful pesticides is, of course, to grow your own products or just buy organic products you know the source of. ”

Ways to remove pesticide residues from fruits and vegetables

Soak in salt water: Studies show that soaking fruits and vegetables in 10 percent saline water solution for 20 minutes removes most of the four most common pesticide residues.

Soak in vinegar: Vinegar is another way to remove residue from fruits and vegetables… While studies suggest about 3 minutes of water solution for about 20 minutes, 1 part of vinegar, while others recommend pesticides thoroughly. shows that full-power vinegar is required to remove it.

Use baking powder: Mix 30 grams of baking powder in 3 liters of water, leave your fruit and vegetables for at least 15 minutes, and then rinse them with water.
Just wash with cold water: rinsing was found to be able to reduce the residues of 9 of the 12 tested pesticides.

Peel their shells: The most effective way to remove pesticide residues from the shells; peel the fruits and vegetables after doing the washing processes mentioned above…



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