Water has been regarded as one of the most valuable natural resources since ancient times. BC IV. Y.Y.'da Empodekles, "The world is composed of water and soil." He said. Later, the boundaries of this definition were further expanded and “Four Elements Theory” was put forward. Accordingly:: All objects are made up of water, earth, air and fire ”. Under the light of modern science, the following evaluations are made for water: “Life started in water.” Olmaz No water-free life. ”All these statements show how important water is to the structure of our world and the life of living things.
The amount of water in the human body is on average between half and two thirds of the body weight of the individual. For a person weighing 70 kg, this value is approximately 42 liters. The fluid requirement of the body may vary according to age, sex, body weight or physical activity. Unrecognized fluid loss from the skin and lungs constitutes half of the daily fluid cycle. The amount of liquid lost unnoticed varies according to environmental conditions. This increases with high temperatures, high altitudes and low humidity. Men's body weight and the amount of fluid in their body is higher than that of women. In both sexes, this amount decreases with age. The reason for this is the increase in the percentage of fat tissue in the body with aging.
Why should we consume water
It is important to balance the amount of fluid absorbed into the body with regard to fluid consumption. In order to achieve this balance and to avoid dehydration, kidney stones and many other important health problems, healthy adults should consume at least 2-2.5 liters of fluid per day. For adequate fluid intake, an average sedentary male should consume at least 2900 ml of fluid per day. This figure is at least 2200 ml for an average sedentary woman. The contribution of solid food to liquid intake is about 1000 ml of water.
Water and fluid consumption may vary according to disease status and season. For example; The summer months can be a cause of intense water loss, especially for people who actively work during the day. Daily water intake should be in balance with the body's loss of water.
Avoid these mistakes!
As a result of misperception and information in society, tea, coffee, cola drinks, etc. are consumed instead of water. However, as these drinks have diuretic properties, they cause water to be removed from the body. Therefore, such drinks should never be consumed instead of water.
Particular attention should be paid to fluid requirements; old age, pregnancy and infancy-childhood. Decreases in the mechanisms of thirst related to the individuals may be seen in old age and consequently the feeling of thirst may weaken. Fluid requirement increases during pregnancy. Breastfeeding women should also replace the liquid lost with milk. In infancy and childhood, babies and children consume 1.5 ml of water per day (kcal). The reasons for this requirement are more; body surfaces per weight are high, water percentages are higher compared to adults, metabolism is fast, protein load for growth and development is high.
The Tasks of Water / Liquid Essential for Life in the Body
- Digestion, absorption and transport of food we eat to the cells,
- The formation of biochemical responses necessary for life and health in cells,
- Study of cells, tissues, organs and systems,
- Transport and disposal of harmful substances caused by metabolism,
- Ensuring control of body temperature,
- Ensuring the lubricity of joints.
Things to consider when drinking water:
- Water and drinks are important in maintaining body water balance.
- We must supply water, which we define as essential for life, from clean, non-disrupting sources.
- A person can live for days without food, and a life without water is impossible.
- Salt and sugar mixtures are liquid lifesavers, especially in the case of diarrhea.
- The saying that running water does not hold dirt is wrong. The clear appearance of water does not indicate that it is safe because the germ that kills man is not visible to the eye. Suspicious water should be drunk after boiling and cooling. The boiled water should be aerated by transferring it from container to container several times. Potable tap water should be used after draining for a while.
In addition to the amount of water consumption, there are other considerations. When it is estimated that 1.8 billion people are deprived of water in the world in 2025 and two thirds of the total world population will be in the regions where problems related to this situation will be experienced, these issues that are important for the public about water consumption are important for ensuring adequate and quality water consumption.
We now know that a healthy life is through adequate water consumption. Obviously, we must show the same importance to our daily diet. This is through knowing the calories your body needs and consuming food that meets this limit.
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